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Floating Solar Power Plant Design Course

Floating Solar Power Plant Training Course

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Floating Solar Power Plant :
Floating Solar Power Plant(FFP) is group of solar PV Modules on a structure that floats on a body of water, typically an artificial basin or a lake. Solar energy is a clean and renewable alternative to fossil fuels, and floating solar provides even more benefits to resource intensive industries. With increasing interest in floating solar, also known as floating PV (photovoltaic) or FPV, studies have started emerging where the benefits of installing PV systems on water instead of land are examined.

Why Floating Solar Power Power Plant:
Solar energy power plant which utilizes the sun’s energy needs adequate space for installation. It is a well-known fact that out of the 510 million Km2surface area of earth, a mere (appx.) 29% is covered with land. Additionally (at some locations) the land may be of importance and it may not be feasible to dedicate (some) space for solar energy power plant. In a country where cities are dense and agricultural land is limited, installing solar power plant (which require huge swathes of land) may not be viable. This is where floating PV power plant can come to our rescue.Floating PV power plant as the name suggests are floating bodies of solar PV plants on water

Requirement to Implement A Floating Solar power Plant :
  • Floating structure: Also known as Pontoon, the floating structure is a sturdy structure which easily holds the solar panel. It also has enough buoyancy to stay afloat on water while supporting the heavy load.
  • Mooring system: The floating structure is held securely with a permeant structure known as mooring. This halts the free movement of the floating structure in water. The floating structure can be fixed with reference to a point on bottom of waterway eliminating the need to connect to the floating structure to the shore. This can be done with help of anchor mooring.
  • Under water Cabling: This form as an important link between the grid and the solar panels. Due to its usage under water, the cabling may be designed to be shock and/or leakage proof. A typical technical diagram of floating PV Plant.

Advantages of Floating Solar Power Plant

  • Increased output from system: This increase can be attributed to the reduced operating temperature of solar modules resulting from natural cooling from water.
  • Savings of water: A cleaning cycle in power plant may happen more than once a week. Such huge quantities of water may be saved if floating PV system is used.
  • Alternate source of energy at Dams: The water saved during day time may be utilized during night time to generate more power reducing dependence on fossil fuel based plants
  • Syllabus of Floating Solar Power Plant Design Course

Chapter 1- Selection of floating solar power plant site

  • Assessment/ site survey of floating solar power plant
  • Dam/ Pond dimension calculations
  • topography and bathymetry survey
  • Wind speed and environment factor assessment to impact the solar power plant
  • Mapping of solar floating site in Auto CAD
  • Water level of bank ( Min/Max ) and surrounding soil type for civil work construction
  • Sloping criteria of Floating solar and minimum distance from bank level
  • Bottom soil composition / soil type for anchoring system for floats
  • Power evacuation level for floating solar
  • DC system voltage selection (1500V/1000V DC )
  • PV module structure interrow spacing calculation
  • Pitch analysis.
  • Selection of PV module tilt angle/ pontoon angle
  • Near shading object calculation.
  • Type of solar radiation (GHI, DNI ,DHI)/Meteorological Terms.
  • Irradiance assessment and comparison.
  • Solar Radiation Data.
  • Temperature factor of floating solar.
  • Magnetic North & True North with variation of azimuth angle.

Chapter - 2 Selection of floating pontoon

  • Types of Pontoon
  • Material composition of Pontoons
  • Specification of main Pontoons
  • Selection criteria for PV module pontoons
  • Load bearing capacity of pontoons
  • Pontoons Buoyancy of each square meter
  • Connections of main Pontoons
  • Selection of Passage Pontoons.
  • Material composition of passage Pontoons
  • Connections of main Pontoons to Passage Pontoons
  • Selection of SMB/Inverter structural Pontoons
  • Material composition of structural Pontoons
  • Selection of accessories of pontoons
  • Anchoring Methodology
  • Selection of mooring/anchoring system
  • Rope Methodology
  • Selection of rope material
  • Connections of rope.
  • PV array to Array safe distance calculation
  • Criteria of minimum water level
  • Central inverter and Switchgear Laminated ferro cement technology material

Chapter- 3 Preparation floating solar power plant drawing

  • Preparation of Overall Plant Layout
  • Preparation of Overall Plant Layout with main Pontoons and passage pontoons
  • Preparation of DC Blocking layout
  • Connection drawing of PV modules cabling
  • Preparation of Blocking with SCB/ String Inverter
  • Preparation Earthing Layout for Floating solar Power Plant
  • Preparation of ESE type lighting arrestor drawing
  • Preparation of AC and DC cable layout and section
  • Preparation of Module clearing system drawing
  • Preparation bill of quantity (BOQ)
  • Preparation of Single line diagram AC side
  • Preparation of single line diagram DC Side
  • Connection of Leap frog method for string connection
  • Optimization of BOQ

Chapter- 4 Selection of PV module (cells and BOM) and sizing

  • Types Crystalline module cells
  • Manufacturing process of PV cells
  • Comparison between mono crystalline
  • Selection of PV cells
  • Selection of front and rear sheet
  • Selection of PV module glass
  • Selection of EVA sheet , Bus bar and frame
  • Characteristics of a Solar Cell
  • Power Characteristics of a Solar Cell
  • Fill factor and Equivalent Solar cell Circuit

Chapter 5 - Inverters Selection and Sizing (Grid Connection and Off Grid)

  • Types of solar inverter
  • Selection of string /central / off grid inverter
  • Selection of power conditioning unit (PCU)
  • Sizing of solar inverter for roof top and grid connected projects
  • Selection and sizing of string inverter
  • Selection and sizing of central inverter
  • AC/DC overloading calculation and losses
  • Protection requirement of solar inverter
  • Passive and active protection
  • Anti- islanding protection
  • Mounting arrangement of string inverter
  • IEC/IEEE /Grid Compliance of inverters
  • Grid-Connected Inverters vs. Stand-Alone Inverters
  • Inverter Communication and remote monitoring
  • Inverter Products For Use In India
  • Chapter 6 -Connection of PV Module(Series and Parallel Circuit)

    • Series Circuits
    • Parallel Circuits
    • Combining Series & Parallel Circuits
    • PV module string connection
    • Selection of string fuse
    • Matching The PV Array ToThe Voltage Specifications of An Inverter
    • Matching the PVArray to the Inverter's Current Rating
    • Matching the PVArray to the Inverter's Power Rating
    • Summary of Calculations for Matching Array and Inverter

    Chapter 7- Solar Power Plant String Combiner Box/ ACDB/ MDB/Metering cubical

    • Selection and sizing of SCB/SMB
    • Selection of Isolator/ fuse
    • Selection of Monitoring of SCB/SMB
    • Mounting arrangement of SCB/SMB
    • Selection sizing of SPD and Protection
    • ACDB Switchgear sizing
    • Types of energy meter and selection

    Chapter 8- Solar power plant HT switchgear selection and sizing

    • Selection and sizing of inverter duty transformer
    • Selection and sizing of HT switchgear
    • Selection and sizing of ICOG/ Main switchboard
    • Selection and sizing of Aux. transformer
    • Aux. Losses calculation
    • Inverter duty No-load and load losses calculation

    Chapter 9 -Selection and sizing of AC and DC Cable

    • Ampacity calculation of solar cable
    • Sizing of solar cable /DC cable
    • Sizing of String cable
    • Derating factor of cables
    • Sizing of AC cable (Inverter to ACDB ,ACDB to MDB)
    • Sizing of DC cable (Module to SMB , SMB to Inverter )
    • HT Cable sizing ( Transformer to HT switchgear and HT switchgear to Pooling station /Metering Point
    • Derating factor s of HT cables
    • HT cable Short circuit withstand capability calculation
    • Sizing of energy meter /ABT Meter

    Chapter 10 - Selection and sizing Lightening Protection (LA )

    • Types of Lightening Protection Arrestor
    • Lightening protection assessment calculation
    • Protection zone calculation of Conventional type LA
    • Down conductor cross section area calculation
    • Method of Lightening protection
    • Basic Consideration for Protection
    • Calculations for Evaluating the Need for Protection
    • Calculation of Protective Angles and Zone of Protection For Various
    • Forms of Air Termination
    • Selection of lightening protection device
    • Selection of ESE type Lightening Protection
    • ESE LA down conductor and earthing calculation

    Chapter 11 - System Losses of Solar Power Plant

    • Determining the Size of the DC and AC Cables
    • Losses in a Grid-Connected PV System

    Chapter 12 -Solar Power System Yield Performance(Energy Guarantee)

    • What Determines the Energy of a System
    • Preliminary Planning
    • Calculating the Energy Yield for a PV Grid-Connected System
    • Specific Yield
    • Performance Ratio
    • CUF Calculation

    Ref. Std. IEC IEC 60068-2 (1,2,14,30),IEC 61683,IEC 60227,IEC 60502 IEC 60947 part I,II, III ,IEC 61215